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Investigations concerning the procedural improvement of secondary metabolite production with plant cell and tissue cultures

Plant biotechnology enables a sustainable production of valuable plant resources using innovative biotechnological methods. However, a comprehensive knowledge base as well as significant studies, e. g. concerning the application of biotechnological standard procedures of respiration monitoring, are missing so far.
In this work, basic investigations regarding the induction of plant in vitro cultures and appropriate cultivation systems as well as process monitoring strategies will be introduced and discussed. The annual sunflower Helianthus annuus serves as biological model system. The induction of plant cell cultures (callus and suspension) with photomixotroph metabolism was investigated at different conditions and appropriate induction parameter were determined. Both, plant tissues (Hairy roots) and induced photomixotroph as well as heterotrophic suspensions were cultivated successfully in various reactor systems. The production of desired metabolites was proven. Protocols concerning induction respectively maintenance of cell and tissue cultures of H. annuus have been established.
For extensive investigations of growth behavior and for screening of plant cell and tissue cultures, a modern process monitoring tool for shake flasks, the RAMOS® (Respiration Activity Monitoring System®), was used for the first time. Thereby, the problem of evaporation off the culture vessels was identified assignificant for time-intensive cultivations of plant in vitro cultures. A model for the correction of respiration transfer rates has been developed. For the first time in plant biotechnology, the RAMOS® has been applied for studies with H. annuus in special, and for studying the growth and respiration behavior of Hairy roots in general. With the help of the present work, relevant criteria concerning the application of the innovative measuring system RAMOS® for plant biotechnological investigations will be given. Furthermore, a survey over appropriate cultivation systems and published modelling strategies in plant biotechnology are introduced. A literature survey concerning model strategies regarding plant biotechnology completes this work.

Authors: Winkler, Katja, Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering, Dissertation 2015

Journal: 81 pages, 17 figures, 4 tables, 0 appendices

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